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In some researchs of settlement archeology in Indonesia, such as the Trowulan site in Mojokerto or Liangan site in Temanggung, until now still not much gained an overview of significant regarding the spatial pattern layout of the building, as well as the shape of the building houses in the two these sites. Whereas This paper describes an overview of how the spatial pattern of settlements, especially the spatial patterns of the building, the shape of the houses and their functions in Desa Adat Pengotan, Bali. Traditional Village Pengotan chosen because this village has unique characteristics that differ from other indigenous villages in the district of Bangli, Bali Province. The method applied is ethnoarchaeology studies, through a general comparative approach to the methods and techniques of work through the interview, descriptive and interpretative. The results of research in the form of images and spatial models of settlements, especially the spatial patterns associated with building houses or other buildings that are interconnected, along with the form and function of use and wear, both profane and sacred of Desa Adat Pengotan in Bali. These results that can later be used as we examine the comparability of the archaeological sites of settlements.
Pada beberapa penelitian arkeologi permukiman (settlement archaeology) di Indonesia, seperti Situs Trowulan di Mojokerto atau Situs Liangan di Temanggung, hingga saat ini masih belum banyak diperoleh gambaran yang signifikan mengenai pola tata ruang, tata letak bangunan, serta bentuk bangunan rumah yang berada di kedua situs tersebut. Tulisan ini memaparkan gambaran bagaimana pola tata ruang permukiman, terutama pola tata ruang bangunan, bentuk rumah-rumah beserta fungsinya di Desa Adat Pengotan, Bali. Dipilihnya Desa Adat Pengotan dikarenakan desa ini memiliki keunikan tersendiri yang berbeda dengan desa-desa adat lainnya di wilayah Kabupaten Bangli, Provinsi Bali. Adapun metode yang diterapkan adalah studi etnoarkeologi, melalui pendekatan general comparative dengan metode dan tehnik kerja melalui wawancara, deskriptif dan interpretatif. Hasil penelitian berupa gambaran dan model tata ruang permukiman, terutama pola tata ruang yang berkaitan dengan bangunan rumah atau bangunan lainnya yang saling berhubungan, berserta bentuk dan fungsi guna dan pakai, baik bersifat profan maupun sakral dari Desa Adat Pengotan di Bali. Hasil ini yang nantinya dapat digunakan sebagai data banding dalam kita meneliti situs-situs arkeologi permukiman.
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