PROFIL PROGNASI WAJAH BEBERAPA POPULASI DUNIA [Prognation Profile of World Population Faces]


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Article Info
Submitted: 2018-05-22
Published: 2018-05-30
Section: Articles

The face is one of the major variables in determining the biological characteristics of a population in the identification effort of human skeletal remains. This is not only important in the field of forensic anthropology but also the field of bioarchaeology. The purpose of this study is to describe the variation of facial angle in some of the world population. The method applied is anthropometry. The study material is the skull of nine world populations of Europe, North Africa, Subsahara Africa, South America, Inuit, Australomelanesia, Indonesia, Polynesia and China. The results showed that among the population tested, Australomelanesoid, Polynesian, Indonesian and African Subsahara populations had a prognathic face both on the even face, as well as the alveolar and facial projection. In contrast, the population groups of China, Europe, Inuit and North Africa are population groups that have faces of orthognath.

 

 

ABSTRAK

Wajah adalah salah satu variabel utama dalam menentukan ciri biologis suatu populasi pada usaha identifikasi sisa rangka manusia. Hal ini tidak hanya panting dalam bidang antropologi forensik tetapi juga bidang bioarkeologi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan variasi sudut wajah pada beberapa populasi dunia. Metode yang diterapkan adalah antropometri. Bahan penelitian adalah tengkorak dari sembilan populasi dunia yaitu populasi Eropa, Afrika Utara, Afrika Subsahara, Amerika Selatan, Inuit, Australomelanesia, Indonesia, Polinesia dan China. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa diantara populasi yang diuji, populasi Australomelanesoid, Polinesia, Indonesia dan Afrika Subsahara memiliki wajah yang prognath baik pada bagian wajah genap, maupun bagian alveolar serta proyeksi wajah. Sebaliknya kelompok populasi China, Eropa, Inuit dan Afrika Utara adalah kelompok populasi yang memiliki wajah orthognath.

Keywords

anthropometry; face prognosis; forensic anthropology; bioarchaeology; antropometri; prognasi wajah; antropologi forensik; bioarkeologi

  1. Toetik Koesbardiati 
    Departemen Antropologi FISIP UNAIR , Indonesia

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