Main Article Content
Kawasan Lembah Balim secara geografis merupakan daerah
yang sulit dijangkau, namun di daerah tersebut diperkirakan
sudah ada komunitas manusia yang hidup menetap dengan
mengandalkan suatu bentuk sistem bercocoktanam. Adapun
komunitas yang menempati wilayah ini merupakan keturunan
dari imigran awal yang dimungkinkan telah masuk ke wilayah
Papua sejak 50 000 tahun yang lalu, walaupun belum didukung
oleh bukti-bukti arkeologis yang mendukung keberadaan imigran
tersebut. Untuk mengungkapkan tentang awal penghunian
manusia di daerah tersebut, maka dilakukan kegiatan ekskavasi
di situs Gua Togece sebagai tahap awal. Hasil penggalian di situs
ini adalah temuan sejumlah materi arkeologi berupa alat batu,
alat tulang, alat kerang, alat dari kayu, sampah tulang binatang,
sampah kerang, capit udang, tulang manusia, biji pohon, dan
arang sisa pembakaran. Temuan-temuan tersebut berada dalam
empat lapisan tanah dengan tingkat kepadatan pada setiap
lapisannya berbeda-beda, hal ini sebagai gambaran bahwa bentuk
penguhunian gua tidak terjadi terus menerus, namun bentuk
aktivitas manusianya cenderung sama. Dari hasil dating carbon
AMS terhadap sampel arang diketahui bahwa manusia sudah
menghuni gua tersebut sudah sejak 6000 tahun lalu.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.Retained Rights/Terms and Conditions of Publication
1. As an author you (or your employer or institution) may do the following:
- make copies (print or electronic) of the article for your own personal use, including for your own classroom teaching use;
- make copies and distribute such copies (including through e-mail) of the article to research colleagues, for the personal use by such colleagues (but not commercially or systematically, e.g. via an e-mail list or list server);
- present the article at a meeting or conference and to distribute copies of the article to the delegates attending such meeting;
- for your employer, if the article is a ‘work for hire’, made within the scope of your employment, your employer may use all or part of the information in the article for other intra-company use (e.g. training);
- retain patent and trademark rights and rights to any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in the article;
- include the article in full or in part in a thesis or dissertation (provided that this is not to be published commercially);
- use the article or any part thereof in a printed compilation of your works, such as collected writings or lecture notes (subsequent to publication of the article in the journal); and prepare other derivative works, to extend the article into book-length form, or to otherwise re-use portions or excerpts in other works, with full acknowledgement of its original publication in the journal;
- may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the article, material extracted from the article, or derivative works for the author’s personal use or for company use, provided that the source and the copyright notice are indicated, the copies are not used in any way that implies Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (MII) endorsement of a product or service of any employer, and the copies themselves are not offered for sale.
All copies, print or electronic, or other use of the paper or article must include the appropriate bibliographic citation for the article’s publication in the journal.
2. Requests from third parties
Although authors are permitted to re-use all or portions of the article in other works, this does not include granting third-party requests for reprinting, republishing, or other types of re-use. Requests for all uses not included above, including the authorization of third parties to reproduce or otherwise use all or part of the article (including figures and tables), should be referred to MII by going to our website at http://iktiologi-indonesia.org/.
3. Author Online Use
Personal Servers. Authors and/or their employers shall have the right to post the accepted version of articles pre-print version of the article, or revised personal version of the final text of the article (to reflect changes made in the peer review and editing process) on their own personal servers or the servers of their institutions or employers without permission from MII, provided that the posted version includes a prominently displayed MII copyright notice and, when published, a full citation to the original publication, including a link to the article abstract in the journal homepage. Authors shall not post the final, published versions of their papers;
Classroom or Internal Training Use. An author is expressly permitted to post any portion of the accepted version of his/her own articles on the author’s personal web site or the servers of the author’s institution or company in connection with the author’s teaching, training, or work responsibilities, provided that the appropriate copyright, credit, and reuse notices appear prominently with the posted material. Examples of permitted uses are lecture materials, course packs, e-reserves, conference presentations, or in-house training courses;
Electronic Preprints. Before submitting an article to an JII, authors frequently post their manuscripts to their own web site, their employer’s site, or to another server that invites constructive comment from colleagues. Upon submission of an article to JII, an author is required to transfer copyright in the article to MII, and the author must update any previously posted version of the article with a prominently displayed MII copyright notice. Upon publication of an article by the MII, the author must replace any previously posted electronic versions of the article with either (1) the full citation to the work with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) or link to the article abstract in JII homepage, or (2) the accepted version only (not the final, published version), including the MII copyright notice and full citation, with a link to the final, published article in journal homepage.
4. Articles in Press (AiP) service
MII may choose to publish an abstract or portions of the paper before we publish it in the journal. Please contact our Production department immediately if you do not want us to make any such prior publication for any reason, including disclosure of a patentable invention.
5. Author/Employer Rights
If you are employed and prepared the article on a subject within the scope of your employment, the copyright in the article belongs to your employer as a work-for-hire. In that case, MII assumes that when you sign this Form, you are authorized to do so by your employer and that your employer has consented to the transfer of copyright, to the representation and warranty of publication rights, and to all other terms and conditions of this Form. If such authorization and consent has not been given to you, an authorized representative of your employer should sign this Form as the Author.
6. MII Copyright Ownership
It is the formal policy of MII to own the copyrights to all copyrightable material in its technical publications and to the individual contributions contained therein, in order to protect the interests of the MII, its authors and their employers, and, at the same time, to facilitate the appropriate re-use of this material by others. MII distributes its technical publications throughout the world and does so by various means such as hard copy, microfiche, microfilm, and electronic media. It also abstracts and may translate its publications, and articles contained therein, for inclusion in various compendiums, collective works, databases and similar publications
Every accepted manuscript should be accompanied by "" prior to the article publication.
PAPUA by Balai Arkeologi Papua is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://jurnalarkeologipapua.kemdikbud.go.id.
If you are a nonprofit or charitable organization, your use of an NC-licensed work could still run afoul of the NC restriction, and if you are a for-profit entity, your use of an NC-licensed work does not necessarily mean you have violated the term.
Bellwood, Peter. 2000. Prasejarah Kepulauan Indo-Malaysia. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Djami, Erlin Novita Idje. 2016. Jejak-Jejak Peradaban Manusia Di Lembah Balim Kabupaten Jayawijaya. Laporan Penelitian. Kementerian Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan. Balai Arkeologi Papua.
Djami, Erlin Novita Idje, Daud A Tanudirjo, Sonya M Kawer, Hari Suroto, dan Hotlan T Siagian. 2019. Jejak-Jejak Penghunian Awal Prasejarah Di Lembah Balim Kabupaten Jayawijaya. Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi. Kementerian Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan. Badan Penelitian Dan Pengembangan. Balai Arkeologi Papua.
Feldhamer. G. A, Drickamer. L.C, Vessey S.H, Merritt J.F. Krajewsku C.2007. Mammalogy Adaptation, Divesity, Ecology. Third Edition. The John Hopkins University Press.
Hope, G., Flannery, T., Boeardi. (1993). A preliminary report of changing quaternary mammal faunas insubalpine New Guinea. Quaternary Research, 40, 117–126.
Hugh Tyndale-Biscoe.2005. Life of Marsupials. CSIRO Publishing. Australia
Hughes, Philip, Tim Denham, and Jack Golson.2017. Kuk Swamp. In Ten Thousand Years of Cultivation at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea, Edited by Jack Golson, Tim Denham, Philip Hughes,Pamela Swadling and John Muke. ANU Press.
Katzenberg M. Anne & Grauer Anne L. Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton. Wiley Blackwell.
Korth. William W.1994. The Tertiary Record of Rodents in North America. Plenum Press. New York and London.
Nurani, Indah Asikin. 2008. “Pola-pola Pemanfaatan Gua Kawasan Timur Jawa” dalamKumpulan Makalah Pertemuan Ilmiah Arkeologi IX Kediri, 23-28 Juli 2002. Jakarta: Ikatan Ahli Arkeologi Indonesia. Hlm. 95-112.
Reich, David, et als. 2011. Denisovan Admixture and the First Modern Human Dispersals into Southeast Asia and Oceania, The American Journal of Human Genetics 89, October 2011. Hlm. 516–528.
Widianto, Harry. 2010. Jejak Langkah Setelah Sangiran. Kementerian Kebudayaan Dan Pariwisata. Direktorat Jenderal Sejarah Dan Purbakala. Direktorat Peninggalan Purbakala. Balai Pelestarian Situs Manusia Purba Sangiran.